A complete list of my sources, updated daily


1. When a Billion Chinese Jump: How China Will Save Mankind– Or Destroy It, Jonathan Watts

Excellent chapter on Xinjiang’s environmental issues (Flaming Mountain, Melting Heaven), particularly climate change and water use.

2. Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang, James Millward

3. Wild West China: The Taming of Xinjiang, Christian Tyler

4. Xinjiang: China’s Muslim Borderland, Frederick Starr

5. The Tree That Bleeds: A Uighur Town on the Edge, Nick Holdstock

6. Mao’s War Against Nature: Politics and the Environment in Revolutionary China, Judith Shapiro

7. The River Runs Black, The Environmental Challenge to China’s Future (2nd edition), Elizabeth C. Economy

8. China’s Environmental Challenges, Judith Shapiro, 2012

Academic Journals

1. Yuling Shen & Haakon Lein (2005) Land and water resources management problems in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift – Norwegian Journal of Geography, 59:3, 237-245, DOI:

Truly excellent paper on the history of land and water usage post. 1949, water rights in Xinjiang, and problems associated with current water policy (depletion of lakes and rivers, salinization), and a strong recommendation for policy change.

2. Rural economy environmental degradation and economic disparity: a case study in Deryabuyi, Xinjiang. Mettursun Beydulla, Central Asian Survey, Vol. 31 Iss. 2, 2012

A Uyghur village in the middle of the Taklamakan Desert in danger of extinction partially due to the re-routing of water resources, and the repercussions of environmental degradation on the community.

3. Tyler Harlan & Michael Webber (2012) New corporate Uyghur entrepreneurs in Urumqi, China, Central Asian Survey, 31:2, 175-191, DOI: 10.1080/02634937.2012.671993

On the qualities and challenges that Uyghur entrepeneurs in Urumqi face, along with their links to mitigating ethnic conflict and policy recommendations.

4. Jørgen Delman , Jan Lundqvist , Magdalena Villarreal , Don Mitchell , Ilda Lindell & Tim Unwin (2009) Doctoral Theses – Doktoravhandlinger, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift – Norwegian Journal of Geography, 63:3, 218-222, DOI:

5. Shen, Yuling. “The social and environmental costs associated with water management practices in state environmental protection projects in Xinjiang, China.” Environmental Science & Policy 12.7 (2009): 970-980.

6. Wang, Puyu, et al. “Recent changes of two selected glaciers in Hami Prefecture of eastern Xinjiang and their impact on water resources.” Quaternary International (2014).

7. Bolch, T., et al. “The state and fate of Himalayan glaciers.” Science 336.6079 (2012): 310-314.

8. Zuo, Wenlong, et al. “An Analysis of the Water Conflicts and Solutions in the Leapfrog Development of Xinjiang, China.”

9. Thevs, Niels, et al. “Water allocation and water consumption of irrigated agriculture and natural vegetation in the Aksu-Tarim river basin, Xinjiang, China.” Journal of Arid Environments 112 (2015): 87-97.

10. Lioubimtseva, Elena, and Geoffrey M. Henebry. “Climate and environmental change in arid Central Asia: Impacts, vulnerability, and adaptations.” Journal of Arid Environments 73.11 (2009): 963-977.

11. Minxin Pei. “Is CCP Rule Fragile or Resilient?” Journal of Democracy 23.1 (2012): 27-41. Project MUSE. Web. 30 Jan. 2015. <;.

One of the main scholars discussing CCP legitimacy/ ability to reform

12. China’s Trapped Transition: The Limits of Developmental Autocracy, Chang, Gordon G. Far Eastern Economic Review 169.3 (Apr 2006): 62-64

Review of Minxin Pei’s 2006 Book “China’s Trapped Transition”, could provide a great broader framework for CCP legitimacy.

13. Jiang, Yong. “China’s water scarcity.” Journal of Environmental Management90.11 (2009): 3185-3196.

Great one for broader framework, China wide picture.

14. Haakon Lein & Yuling Shen. 2006. The disappearance of the Karez of Turfan. Report from the project ‘Harvest from wasteland. Land, people and water management reforms in the drylands of Xinjiang.’ Acta Geographica–Trondheim, Serie A, Nr. 15. Geografisk institutt, NTNU, Trondheim. 18 pp. ISSN 1502-2390

Excellent report from some of the main English writers regarding Xinjiang water resources.

15. Yuling, Shen, and Haakon Lein. “Treating Water as an Economic Good: Policies and Practices in Irrigation Agriculture in Xinjiang, China.” The Geographical Journal 176 (2010): 124-37. ProQuest. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

16. Thevs, N. ( 2011 ). Water Scarcity and Allocation in the Tarim Basin: Decision Structures and Adaptations on the Local Level. Journal Of Current Chinese Affairs, 40(3), 113-137. Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

17. Water Resources, Land Exploration and Population Dynamics in Arid Areas – The Case of the Tarim River Basin in Xinjiang of China, Journal Population and Environment Volume 26, Issue 6 , pp 471-503

18. The Great Leap Backward? Elizabeth Economy, Foreign Affairs, Sept/ Oct 2007

If you don’t have time to read The River Runs Black I suggest this article, a shorter version of the core of Economy’s argument


20. Howell, Anthony, and C. Cindy Fan. “Migration and inequality in xinjiang: a survey of Han and Uyghur migrants in Urumqi.” Eurasian Geography and Economics 52.1 (2011): 119-139.

21. Why large scale afforestation efforts in China have failed to solve the desertification problem, Shixiong Cao, Environmental Science and Technology, 2008

22. Homer-Dixon, Thomas F. “Environmental scarcities and violent conflict: evidence from cases.” International security (1994): 5-40.

23. Liu, Jianguo, and Jared Diamond. “China’s environment in a globalizing world.”Nature 435.7046 (2005): 1179-1186.

24. Lou, Loretta Iengtak. “Green Politics in China: Environmental Governance and State-Society Relations.” The China Journal.72 (2014): 176-8. ProQuest. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

25. Hsieh, Alice. “ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS AND CASE STUDIES: Green Revolutions: A Political Economy Analysis of the Environmental Movement’s Impact on a Working Rule of Law in China.” Environmental Practice 15.4 (2013): 427-40.!/search?ho=t&q=ENVIRONMENTAL%20REVIEWS%20AND%20CASE%20STUDIES:%20Green%20Revolutions:%20A%20Political%20Economy%20Analysis%20of%20the%20Environmental%20Movement’s%20Impact%20on%20a%20Working%20Rule%20of%20Law%20in%20China&l=en

Notes, this sounds like a great one in discussing legal framework

26. Maohong, Bao. “Environmental NGOs in Transforming China.” Nature + Culture 4.1 (2009): 1-16. ProQuest. Web. 30 Jan. 2015

27. Lioubimtseva, Elena, and Geoffrey M. Henebry. “Climate and environmental change in arid Central Asia: Impacts, vulnerability, and adaptations.” Journal of Arid Environments 73.11 (2009): 963-977.

28. Cliff, Thomas Matthew James. “Neo Oasis: The Xinjiang Bingtuan in the Twenty-first Century.” Asian Studies Review 33.1 (2009): 83-106.

29. Zuo, Wenlong, et al. “An Analysis of the Water Conflicts and Solutions in the Leapfrog Development of Xinjiang, China.”International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 4.2 (2013): 202. ProQuest. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

30. Wu, Xiaogang, and Xi Song. “Ethnic Stratification amid China’s Economic Transition: Evidence from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.” Social science research 44 (2014): 158-172.

31. Gee, John. “China’s Xinjiang Problem.” The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 27.8 (2008): 42-3. ProQuest. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

32. Box, Dan. “Xinjiang.” The Ecologist 09 2003: 20-2. ProQuest. Web. 30 Jan. 2015 .

33. Zhao, Dingxin. “The mandate of heaven and performance legitimation in historical and contemporary China.” American Behavioral Scientist 53.3 (2009): 416-433.


1. Chinese Salafism and the Saudi Connection, Mohammed Al-Sudairi, Oct 23 2014

2. A Tale of Two Chinese Muslim Minorities, Brent Crane, Aug 22, 2014

3. Crackdown (broadcast), Stephen McDonell, ABC, 2014

4. Experts make suggestions on the development of Xinjiang’s eco-tourism industry, China Association for Science and Technology

5. China Invests in Region Rich in Oil, Coal and Also Strife, Edward Wong, Dec 20, 2014

Great article and video on the oil deposits and social effects in NW Xinjiang’s Karamay.

6. China to Ensure Water Security in Xinjiang, BBC, 26 Sept. 2010

7. China’s Future Energy Security Will Depend on Water, Debra Tan, China Dialogue, 1/30/2014

This one is an interesting angle for my paper as well.

8. U.N. Warns of Energy and Water Dilemma, Zhang Chun, 3/21/2014, China Dialogue

9. China’s Massive Water Problem, Scott Moore, 3/28/2013

Mostly about the North-South water transfer project.

10. Desperate Measures, The Economist, 10/12/13

11. Chief imam at Kashgar mosque stabbed to death as violence surges in Xinjiang, July 2014, The Guardian

12. 22 Killed in Farmers’ Market Attack in Xinjiang’s Kashgar Prefecture, October 2014, Radio Free Asia

13. 6 Men, Said to have attached the police, are killed in China’s far west, Andrew Jacobs, Jan 12 2015, NY Times

14. China approve ban on the burqua in Xinjiang city with a large Muslim population, Jan 13 2015, The Independent

15. Xijiang asks real name registration for cellphones, PCs, 1/29/15, The Global Times

16. President Xi vows intense pressure on terrorism,, 2014 April 26th

17. Deadly Blast Kills Three, Injures Dozens in Western China, May 1 2014, WSJ

18. Xinjiang arrests nearly doubled in year of strike hard campaign, Jan 23, 2015, WSJ

19. China official calls for reduced birth rates in Xinjiang, Jan 23, 2015, Reuters

20. China anti corruption drive builds in Xinjiang, Voice of America, Jan 23, 2015

21. Arrest in China’s mainly muslim Xinjiang nearly doubled in 2014 report, 1/23/15, Al Arabiya News

22. China deploys more troops in Xinjiang to plug infiltration, 1/23/15, Business Standard

23. Police in China shoot six dead in restive Xinjiang, 1/12/15, Reuters

24. The colorful propaganda of Xinjiang, BBC, Jan 12 2015

25. Police raided 148 points in Xinjiang in 2014, Jan 28, 2015

26. Water diversion from Bohai to Xinjiang unfeasible, Nov 2010, People’s Daily Online

27. China Officials Push Water Plan, WSJ, November 2010

28. In China, a pipeline spurs ethnic conflict, NY times 2006

Organization Reports 

1. Human Rights Watch World Report China 2013

2. Environmental Health Challenges in Xinjiang, Scull, Erika. Woodrow Wilson Center

3. Xinjiang Turfan Water Conservation Project, Worldbank

4. Access the U.N. Reports regarding energy extraction and water interconnected measure.

5. Xinjiang, China’s Restive North West, HRW Report

6. Desertification in China, the Wilson Center 2007, Linden Ellis

7. China Water Risk Fact Books, China Water Risk

These are great resources for understanding China’s water scarcity problem.

-China’s Water Crisis-Part 1, Introduction

-The Social Impact of Water

8. Addressing China’s Water Scarcity, Recommendations for Selected Water Resource Management Issues, World Bank, 2009, Jian Xie


Film/ Video

1. Crackdown (broadcast), Stephen McDonell, ABC, 2014

2. One Week in Urumqi, Uighur Ethnic Unrest in Western China, The Guardian via. World Uyghur Congress, Dec. 16 2011

3. Nuclear Test of Lop Nur, Chinese Archive Footage

2 thoughts on “Sources

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